b'A Strategy to Transition Liquid Biofuel Distribution|January 2021|V1 A Strategy to Transition Liquid Biofuel Distribution|January 2021|V1UKIFDA decarbonisation strategiesfor other industry sectorsChangetoFuelcustomersintheagriculture,RED/GREEN DIESELPETROLretail, commercial and industrial sectors want to be able to make the right choice at the rightOR GASOIL TheUKgovernmenthasannouncedplansto time.EvaluatingsolutionstofindonethatisUKIFDAMemberssupplygasoil(knownasredintroduce E10 blended petrol before the end of cost effective and efficient for their needs ratherdiesel in the UK and green diesel in the Republic of2021 in a bid to reduce greenhouse gas emissions than being forced to accept a solution that addsIreland) for a variety of industries including fuel forfrom road transport and overall carbon dioxide capitalandoperatingcost,limitssupplyorback-up generators in hospitals and data centres,frompetrolcars.Furtherbiofueloptionsmay charging points or forces some organisations toto both the farming and construction industries,also be limited by blend wall issues with vehicle move out of a particular area thereby reducingas well as the refrigeration and marine industries.engines and the invalidation of warranties which end consumer choice. Redandgreendieselisthelow-taxversionofmeans that manufacturers also need to engage white diesel and can be used in untaxed off-roadin the process and adapt technology to meet the The overall UKIFDA strategy in these sectors isvehicle.new fuels.notdissimilartohomeheatinggovernmentsAt almost all petrol stations in the UK, standard 95 should be technology neutral, not discourage anyThe tax rebate means it can be used on vast farmsoctane petrol will be blended up to 10% although possible solutions including liquid biofuels and setor for large-scale construction projects withoutsome small/remote may continue to only sell E5. timelines for change so that industry can innovatehigh running costs. Since 1961, gasoil has neededThereisadifferencebetweenemissionsthat and invest to meet those goals.to be markedhence its more common name ofcontribute to climate change (greenhouse gases red diesel and green dieselto prevent its misuselike carbon dioxide) and those that are a concern DIESEL in road vehicles.for air quality and public health (particulates, NOx Biodiesel (made from a blend of mineral diesel andTheUKgovernmenthasannouncedplanstoand hydrocarbons).renewable bioproducts from various feedstocks)remove the entitlement of red diesel use for manyRenewablefuels,likeE10petrol,aregenerally is currently the most widely adopted alternativesectors from 1 April 2022.introducedtoreduceoverallcarbondioxide fuelonthemarkettoday.However,toachieveemissions.long-termcarbonreductiontargetshigherUKIFDA is always supportive of tackling climate blend biofuels (B20 and above) would need to bechange and finding ways to meet the UKs NetWhilstUKIFDAunderstandsandsupportsany implemented on a larger scale. Zerotargetsbutthisneedstobedonewithemissiontargettoimproveclimatechange, At present, modifying vehicles and infrastructureeverysector,business,andconsumerinmind.airqualityorpublichealth,industrywouldbe to take high blends of biodiesel poses a significantWhilst UKIFDA is pleased agriculture will maintainconcerned about the impact these changes may cost to the end user, therefore drop-in alternativesthecurrententitlement,theimpacttothehave to the community, including increased costs maypresentamoreattractivesolution.HVOconstruction,transport,powergenerationandto many retail stations post COVID-19.isbyfarthecleanestburningalternativefuelother industries could be devastating due to the (other than hydrogen) and acts as a like-for-likehuge increase in costs. Althoughelectricsolutionsseemtobethe replacement in diesel-powered vehicles withoutWeareurginggovernmenttotakeaphasedpreferred option for many in government, there causingperformanceissuesandinvalidatingapproachtolimittheadverseimpacttheAprilareknownissuessurroundingvehiclerange vehicle warranty. Neste claims the direct carbon2022deadlinewilllikelyhaveonorganisationsanxiety, the number of charging stations and the emission reduction compared to fossil diesel canthat rely on red diesel. future demands on the electricity grid as charging be up to 90%.infrastructure is installed in homes (those with a Therearemanylow-carbonalternativestodrive anyway!). GTL is a possible, current drop-in solution due toreplace traditional liquid fuels and many more areUKIFDAsuggeststhatthereismeritinbetter the lower premium above standard biodiesel, evenbeing developed and improved for future use. Weexploringthepotentialuseofhydrogen though the carbon emission reduction is lowerwill continue to lobby for their inclusion in policy.andencouraginghigherblendwallswith than that of HVO. GTL diesel offers a reductionMany contractors in the construction industry aremanufacturersandwillcontinuetolobbyon in direct tailpipe emissions compared to mineralalready using low carbon fuel such as HVO andthese points. Hydrogen fuel is a highly efficient diesel, with a carbon saving of up to 37%.GTL and this is set to increase. and clean-burning alternative fuel that does not UKIFDA will continue to lobby for alternate liquidproduce any amount of harmful direct emissions biofuels for both transport and non-transport useupon combustion. Certain UK cities already make building on the exciting possibilities of productsuse of hydrogen buses for inner-city routes, while like HVO and GTL. the possibility of powering both passenger and goods transport are being explored. 5 6'